Chemical peel uses a chemical solution to improve and smooth the texture of the facial skin by removing its damaged outer layers. It is helpful for those individuals with facial blemishes, wrinkles and uneven skin pigmentation. Phenol , trichloroacetic acid (TCA) and alphahydroxy acids (AHAs) are used for this purpose. The precise formula used may be adjusted to meet each patient's needs. Peels are a great way to maintain healthy skin and boost collagen production for a more youthful, vibrant appearance.
Chemical peels are more commonly performed for cosmetic reasons to improve facial wrinkles, hyper-pigmentation, and boost collagen production for a more youthful appearance. Chemical peels are also performed to remove pre-cancerous skin growths, soften acne facial scars and even control acne. There are basically three types of chemical peels, light, medium, and deep each increasingly aggressive and requiring more downtime.
Chemical peels are normally a safe procedure when performed by a qualified, experienced facial plastic & reconstructive surgeon. However, pre & post skin resurfacing treatment is vital for pigment control and optimal results.
Consultation with one of Premier's Board Certified Facial Plastic Surgeons is necessary to determine the specific peel needed and pre & post operative skin care for optimal results.
It is very important that you find a physician who is board certified in facial plastic & reconstructive surgery and has experience in skin resurfacing. Your plastic surgeon may offer you a choice of peel techniques or suggest a different resurfacing procedure to obtain the best result for you.
During your initial consultation, it is important that you discuss your expectations. Ask any questions or express any concerns that you may have at this time. Your plastic surgeon will explain the planned procedure in detail, including its risks and benefits, the recovery period and how to maintain beautiful, long-lasting results. Pre & Post Skin Resurfacing Treatment is paramount with all chemical peels.
Pre-peel treatment will be prescribed by you facial plastic surgeon and is often a combination of Retin A (a prescription medication derived from Vitamin A), hydroquinone, cortisone, and sunblock, are used to pre-treat the skin. Retin A thins out the skin's surface layer allowing the TCA solution to penetrate more deeply. Hydroquinone is used to control pigment changes and improve hyper-pigmentation. Cortisone is used to control irritation and sunblock to protect the skin during treatment. Pre-treatment should start at least 2 weeks prior to your skin resurfacing procedure.
LIGHT PEEL - Alphahydroxy acids ( AHAs ), such as glycolic, lactic, or fruit acids are the mildest of the peel formulas and produce light peels . These types of peels can provide smoother, brighter-looking skin for people who can't spare the time to recover from a more aggressive phenol or TCA peel. AHA peels may be used to treat fine wrinkling, areas of dryness, uneven pigmentation and acne. Various concentrations of an AHA may be applied weekly or at longer intervals to obtain the best result. Your facial plastic surgeon will work with you and the medical aesthetician as your treatment proceeds. An alphahydroxy acid, such as glycolic acid, should be included in your medical skin care products as part of your daily skin care program. AHA peels may cause stinging, redness, irritation and peeling. Sun protection is vital to maintain healthy, beautiful skin.
After an AHA peel, you may experience some temporary flaking or scaling, redness and dryness of the skin. A fresher and improved skin texture will result with continued AHA treatments. Remember, protecting your skin from the sun is also important following these mild acid peels. Ask your doctor to recommend a sunblock with 30 UVA and UVB protection and use it every day.
AHA Peels are used to smooth rough, dry skin and improve texture and pigmentation. There is typically no or little downtime, however as you progress in treatments you may experience more dramatic peeling. Treatments are generally done in a series of six, scheduling one every 2 weeks to achieve desired results. Alternating the AHA Peel with a Microdermabrasion can enhance and boost treatment results.
- Aids in control of acne
- Can be mixed with bleaching agent to correct pigment problems
- Can be used as TCA pre-treatment
- Safe for darker skin
- A series of peels will be needed
- Sunblock use is recommended
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